Leading Causes of Poverty
Poverty exists in the majority of nations around the globe. What are the leading causes behind poverty? Is it alright to hold poor people responsible for their condition and circumstances? Have they been uneducated, unwanted, and unaware of the world status? What about the governments?
Low level of saving reduces the scope for investment; low level of investment yields low income and thus the circle of poverty goes on ceaselessly. There are more than 100 causes of poverty, but the main ones can be spotted everywhere. From colonialism to industrialization, from political institutions to geography, corruption, the causes of poverty are devastating at first glance.
Countries that practiced colonization and slavery often had trouble getting rid of the innate institutions and intolerance. The development in agriculture means that less time and resources, mostly farmers are needed to feed a population. Once the people have enough food, it needs to satisfy the next most urgent needs, usually non-food goods (shelter, health, clothing). Hunger and poverty have always been the first reason for mass protests and revolutions throughout the world. If there is one undeniable argument about the causes of poverty, it’s that of long-lasting increasing population.
In most of the cases observed, poverty is a result of poor execution of poverty alleviation programmes. There is a huge communication and research gap between governments and the general public.
If you look at the structure of government itself, there isn’t enough communication happening between the administrative officers and chosen leaders. Each country has a Food and Agriculture Minister, and if these ministers did their jobs properly, it would have been easier to identify poverty ridden regions and all the underlying causes. If the problem is not even identified in the first place, how can the citizens expect a solution?